Accueil

Les événements de novembre 2020

séminaire

  • Séminaires LPNC

    • Mardi 17 novembre 13:00-14:00 - Louise Goupil - University of East London (London, UK)

      Communicating subjective states of confidence

      Résumé : This talk will be composed of two sections. In the first section, I will present some work that suggests that core metacognitive abilities are present in development long before children become able to talk about their metarepresentations, and that even preverbal children can communicate their metacognitive states non-verbally. I will then discuss the possibility that these core abilities may play an important role for social learning, enabling young children to learn cultural and linguistic conventions more efficiently by focusing their informants’ attention on what they do not already know, and weighting socially acquired knowledge depending on the reliability of their informational source ; I will briefly show preliminary results that suggest that this may be the case. In the second section of the talk, I will present a recent project showing that speakers’ subjective confidence is truly and automatically reflected in some distinct features of speech prosody, over and beyond the influence of perception and cognition, and even in the absence of an audience. I will then present some evidence that, on the side of listeners, these prosodic signatures of confidence are shared with prosodic signatures of (dis)honesty, perceived independently from individuals’ conceptual knowledge and native language, and that they automatically impact verbal working memory. Together these findings suggest that these prosodic signatures are more akin to natural signs of unreliability than to fundamentally communicative signals, and could therefore constitute a cheap mechanism for detecting unreliability in conspecifics. I will conclude by suggesting a few ways in which I hope to bridge these two lines of research in the future.

      Lieu : en ligne

      Article

    • Mardi 24 novembre 13:00-14:00 - Luca Marchetti - University of Milan, Italy

      Depicting motion in a static image. Philosophy, psychology and the perception of pictures

      Résumé : This seminar focuses on whether static images can depict motion. It is natural to say that pictures depicting objects caught in the middle of a dynamic action - such as Henri Cartier-Bresson’s Behind the Gare St. Lazare - are pictures of movement, but, given that pictures themselves do not move, can we make sense of such an idea ? Drawing on results from experimental psychology and cognitive sciences I show that we can. Psychological studies on implicit motion and representational momentum indicate that motion is really perceived in some static images : our visual system is built in order to detect motion even where it is only implied and to anticipate the probable outcomes of others’ actions - even when the “others” are only pictures’ subject matters. I argue that, consequently, a range of popular depiction theories - perceptualist theories of depiction - can accommodate depicted motion.

      Lieu : A distance. - mot de passe : cognition

      Article

  • Séminaires Equipe PSM

    • Mardi 17 novembre 13:00-14:00 - Louise Goupil - University of East London (London, UK)

      Communicating subjective states of confidence

      Résumé : This talk will be composed of two sections. In the first section, I will present some work that suggests that core metacognitive abilities are present in development long before children become able to talk about their metarepresentations, and that even preverbal children can communicate their metacognitive states non-verbally. I will then discuss the possibility that these core abilities may play an important role for social learning, enabling young children to learn cultural and linguistic conventions more efficiently by focusing their informants’ attention on what they do not already know, and weighting socially acquired knowledge depending on the reliability of their informational source ; I will briefly show preliminary results that suggest that this may be the case. In the second section of the talk, I will present a recent project showing that speakers’ subjective confidence is truly and automatically reflected in some distinct features of speech prosody, over and beyond the influence of perception and cognition, and even in the absence of an audience. I will then present some evidence that, on the side of listeners, these prosodic signatures of confidence are shared with prosodic signatures of (dis)honesty, perceived independently from individuals’ conceptual knowledge and native language, and that they automatically impact verbal working memory. Together these findings suggest that these prosodic signatures are more akin to natural signs of unreliability than to fundamentally communicative signals, and could therefore constitute a cheap mechanism for detecting unreliability in conspecifics. I will conclude by suggesting a few ways in which I hope to bridge these two lines of research in the future.

      Lieu : en ligne

      Article

    • Mardi 24 novembre 13:00-14:00 - Luca Marchetti - University of Milan, Italy

      Depicting motion in a static image. Philosophy, psychology and the perception of pictures

      Résumé : This seminar focuses on whether static images can depict motion. It is natural to say that pictures depicting objects caught in the middle of a dynamic action - such as Henri Cartier-Bresson’s Behind the Gare St. Lazare - are pictures of movement, but, given that pictures themselves do not move, can we make sense of such an idea ? Drawing on results from experimental psychology and cognitive sciences I show that we can. Psychological studies on implicit motion and representational momentum indicate that motion is really perceived in some static images : our visual system is built in order to detect motion even where it is only implied and to anticipate the probable outcomes of others’ actions - even when the “others” are only pictures’ subject matters. I argue that, consequently, a range of popular depiction theories - perceptualist theories of depiction - can accommodate depicted motion.

      Lieu : A distance. - mot de passe : cognition

      Article

  • Séminaires Equipe Mémoire et développement

    • Mardi 17 novembre 13:00-14:00 - Louise Goupil - University of East London (London, UK)

      Communicating subjective states of confidence

      Résumé : This talk will be composed of two sections. In the first section, I will present some work that suggests that core metacognitive abilities are present in development long before children become able to talk about their metarepresentations, and that even preverbal children can communicate their metacognitive states non-verbally. I will then discuss the possibility that these core abilities may play an important role for social learning, enabling young children to learn cultural and linguistic conventions more efficiently by focusing their informants’ attention on what they do not already know, and weighting socially acquired knowledge depending on the reliability of their informational source ; I will briefly show preliminary results that suggest that this may be the case. In the second section of the talk, I will present a recent project showing that speakers’ subjective confidence is truly and automatically reflected in some distinct features of speech prosody, over and beyond the influence of perception and cognition, and even in the absence of an audience. I will then present some evidence that, on the side of listeners, these prosodic signatures of confidence are shared with prosodic signatures of (dis)honesty, perceived independently from individuals’ conceptual knowledge and native language, and that they automatically impact verbal working memory. Together these findings suggest that these prosodic signatures are more akin to natural signs of unreliability than to fundamentally communicative signals, and could therefore constitute a cheap mechanism for detecting unreliability in conspecifics. I will conclude by suggesting a few ways in which I hope to bridge these two lines of research in the future.

      Lieu : en ligne

      Article

    • Mardi 24 novembre 13:00-14:00 - Luca Marchetti - University of Milan, Italy

      Depicting motion in a static image. Philosophy, psychology and the perception of pictures

      Résumé : This seminar focuses on whether static images can depict motion. It is natural to say that pictures depicting objects caught in the middle of a dynamic action - such as Henri Cartier-Bresson’s Behind the Gare St. Lazare - are pictures of movement, but, given that pictures themselves do not move, can we make sense of such an idea ? Drawing on results from experimental psychology and cognitive sciences I show that we can. Psychological studies on implicit motion and representational momentum indicate that motion is really perceived in some static images : our visual system is built in order to detect motion even where it is only implied and to anticipate the probable outcomes of others’ actions - even when the “others” are only pictures’ subject matters. I argue that, consequently, a range of popular depiction theories - perceptualist theories of depiction - can accommodate depicted motion.

      Lieu : A distance. - mot de passe : cognition

      Article

  • Séminaires Equipe Langage

    • Mardi 17 novembre 13:00-14:00 - Louise Goupil - University of East London (London, UK)

      Communicating subjective states of confidence

      Résumé : This talk will be composed of two sections. In the first section, I will present some work that suggests that core metacognitive abilities are present in development long before children become able to talk about their metarepresentations, and that even preverbal children can communicate their metacognitive states non-verbally. I will then discuss the possibility that these core abilities may play an important role for social learning, enabling young children to learn cultural and linguistic conventions more efficiently by focusing their informants’ attention on what they do not already know, and weighting socially acquired knowledge depending on the reliability of their informational source ; I will briefly show preliminary results that suggest that this may be the case. In the second section of the talk, I will present a recent project showing that speakers’ subjective confidence is truly and automatically reflected in some distinct features of speech prosody, over and beyond the influence of perception and cognition, and even in the absence of an audience. I will then present some evidence that, on the side of listeners, these prosodic signatures of confidence are shared with prosodic signatures of (dis)honesty, perceived independently from individuals’ conceptual knowledge and native language, and that they automatically impact verbal working memory. Together these findings suggest that these prosodic signatures are more akin to natural signs of unreliability than to fundamentally communicative signals, and could therefore constitute a cheap mechanism for detecting unreliability in conspecifics. I will conclude by suggesting a few ways in which I hope to bridge these two lines of research in the future.

      Lieu : en ligne

      Article

    • Mardi 24 novembre 13:00-14:00 - Luca Marchetti - University of Milan, Italy

      Depicting motion in a static image. Philosophy, psychology and the perception of pictures

      Résumé : This seminar focuses on whether static images can depict motion. It is natural to say that pictures depicting objects caught in the middle of a dynamic action - such as Henri Cartier-Bresson’s Behind the Gare St. Lazare - are pictures of movement, but, given that pictures themselves do not move, can we make sense of such an idea ? Drawing on results from experimental psychology and cognitive sciences I show that we can. Psychological studies on implicit motion and representational momentum indicate that motion is really perceived in some static images : our visual system is built in order to detect motion even where it is only implied and to anticipate the probable outcomes of others’ actions - even when the “others” are only pictures’ subject matters. I argue that, consequently, a range of popular depiction theories - perceptualist theories of depiction - can accommodate depicted motion.

      Lieu : A distance. - mot de passe : cognition

      Article

Ajouter un événement