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Les événements de octobre 2019

séminaire

  • Séminaires LPNC

    • Mardi 1er octobre 13:00-14:00 - Jérôme Prado - Centre de Recherche en Neurosciences de Lyon

      Arithmetic symbols in the brain

      Résumé : Humans are unique in their ability to represent abstract mathematical concepts by culturally invented symbols, such as Arabic numerals and arithmetic operators. Because these symbols are arbitrary, learning their meanings constitutes one of the most important challenges faced by children during early math education. Studies have long focused on the mechanisms supporting the acquisition of symbols representing numerical quantities (e.g., Arabic digits). However, very little is known about the way symbols representing arithmetic operations are acquired and processed. In this talk, I will review recent fMRI evidence from my lab showing that arithmetic operators such as ‘+’ are associated with spatial intuitions that contribute to arithmetic skills in adults. I will also describe a cross-sectional fMRI study demonstrating that hippocampal spatial mechanisms scaffold the development of these spatial intuitions in children from 3rd to 10th grade. Finally, I will review behavioral experiments suggesting a role for these spatial intuitions during arithmetic calculation. Theoretical and educational implications of these findings will be discussed.

      Lieu : BSHM-A006

      Article

    • Jeudi 17 octobre 14:30-15:30 - Ben Alderson-Day - Durham University, UK

      Inner speech – what is it good for ?

      Résumé : Inner speech – the act of talking silently in one’s head – is a cognitive phenomenon which is both highly familiar and yet elusive. For many, thinking in words is at the core of who we are, and what we do (or at least, for many philosophers).
      Exploring the role of inner speech in cognition is challenging, however – doing so successfully requires a range of phenomenological, psychological, and neuroscientific methods. In this talk, I will summarise some of the work of the Hearing the Voice project at Durham University, and make the argument that inner speech may be less fundamental to cognition than is often claimed. Specifically, I will suggest that for adults. inner speech is a vividly experienced cognitive habit, varying across individuals, that is just as likely to reflect psychopathology as it is to confer any distinct benefits to cognition.

      Lieu : BSHM-A006

      Article

  • Séminaires Equipe PSM

    • Mardi 1er octobre 13:00-14:00 - Jérôme Prado - Centre de Recherche en Neurosciences de Lyon

      Arithmetic symbols in the brain

      Résumé : Humans are unique in their ability to represent abstract mathematical concepts by culturally invented symbols, such as Arabic numerals and arithmetic operators. Because these symbols are arbitrary, learning their meanings constitutes one of the most important challenges faced by children during early math education. Studies have long focused on the mechanisms supporting the acquisition of symbols representing numerical quantities (e.g., Arabic digits). However, very little is known about the way symbols representing arithmetic operations are acquired and processed. In this talk, I will review recent fMRI evidence from my lab showing that arithmetic operators such as ‘+’ are associated with spatial intuitions that contribute to arithmetic skills in adults. I will also describe a cross-sectional fMRI study demonstrating that hippocampal spatial mechanisms scaffold the development of these spatial intuitions in children from 3rd to 10th grade. Finally, I will review behavioral experiments suggesting a role for these spatial intuitions during arithmetic calculation. Theoretical and educational implications of these findings will be discussed.

      Lieu : BSHM-A006

      Article

    • Jeudi 17 octobre 14:30-15:30 - Ben Alderson-Day - Durham University, UK

      Inner speech – what is it good for ?

      Résumé : Inner speech – the act of talking silently in one’s head – is a cognitive phenomenon which is both highly familiar and yet elusive. For many, thinking in words is at the core of who we are, and what we do (or at least, for many philosophers).
      Exploring the role of inner speech in cognition is challenging, however – doing so successfully requires a range of phenomenological, psychological, and neuroscientific methods. In this talk, I will summarise some of the work of the Hearing the Voice project at Durham University, and make the argument that inner speech may be less fundamental to cognition than is often claimed. Specifically, I will suggest that for adults. inner speech is a vividly experienced cognitive habit, varying across individuals, that is just as likely to reflect psychopathology as it is to confer any distinct benefits to cognition.

      Lieu : BSHM-A006

      Article

  • Séminaires Equipe Mémoire et développement

    • Mardi 1er octobre 13:00-14:00 - Jérôme Prado - Centre de Recherche en Neurosciences de Lyon

      Arithmetic symbols in the brain

      Résumé : Humans are unique in their ability to represent abstract mathematical concepts by culturally invented symbols, such as Arabic numerals and arithmetic operators. Because these symbols are arbitrary, learning their meanings constitutes one of the most important challenges faced by children during early math education. Studies have long focused on the mechanisms supporting the acquisition of symbols representing numerical quantities (e.g., Arabic digits). However, very little is known about the way symbols representing arithmetic operations are acquired and processed. In this talk, I will review recent fMRI evidence from my lab showing that arithmetic operators such as ‘+’ are associated with spatial intuitions that contribute to arithmetic skills in adults. I will also describe a cross-sectional fMRI study demonstrating that hippocampal spatial mechanisms scaffold the development of these spatial intuitions in children from 3rd to 10th grade. Finally, I will review behavioral experiments suggesting a role for these spatial intuitions during arithmetic calculation. Theoretical and educational implications of these findings will be discussed.

      Lieu : BSHM-A006

      Article

    • Jeudi 17 octobre 14:30-15:30 - Ben Alderson-Day - Durham University, UK

      Inner speech – what is it good for ?

      Résumé : Inner speech – the act of talking silently in one’s head – is a cognitive phenomenon which is both highly familiar and yet elusive. For many, thinking in words is at the core of who we are, and what we do (or at least, for many philosophers).
      Exploring the role of inner speech in cognition is challenging, however – doing so successfully requires a range of phenomenological, psychological, and neuroscientific methods. In this talk, I will summarise some of the work of the Hearing the Voice project at Durham University, and make the argument that inner speech may be less fundamental to cognition than is often claimed. Specifically, I will suggest that for adults. inner speech is a vividly experienced cognitive habit, varying across individuals, that is just as likely to reflect psychopathology as it is to confer any distinct benefits to cognition.

      Lieu : BSHM-A006

      Article

  • Séminaires Equipe Langage

    • Mardi 1er octobre 13:00-14:00 - Jérôme Prado - Centre de Recherche en Neurosciences de Lyon

      Arithmetic symbols in the brain

      Résumé : Humans are unique in their ability to represent abstract mathematical concepts by culturally invented symbols, such as Arabic numerals and arithmetic operators. Because these symbols are arbitrary, learning their meanings constitutes one of the most important challenges faced by children during early math education. Studies have long focused on the mechanisms supporting the acquisition of symbols representing numerical quantities (e.g., Arabic digits). However, very little is known about the way symbols representing arithmetic operations are acquired and processed. In this talk, I will review recent fMRI evidence from my lab showing that arithmetic operators such as ‘+’ are associated with spatial intuitions that contribute to arithmetic skills in adults. I will also describe a cross-sectional fMRI study demonstrating that hippocampal spatial mechanisms scaffold the development of these spatial intuitions in children from 3rd to 10th grade. Finally, I will review behavioral experiments suggesting a role for these spatial intuitions during arithmetic calculation. Theoretical and educational implications of these findings will be discussed.

      Lieu : BSHM-A006

      Article

    • Jeudi 17 octobre 14:30-15:30 - Ben Alderson-Day - Durham University, UK

      Inner speech – what is it good for ?

      Résumé : Inner speech – the act of talking silently in one’s head – is a cognitive phenomenon which is both highly familiar and yet elusive. For many, thinking in words is at the core of who we are, and what we do (or at least, for many philosophers).
      Exploring the role of inner speech in cognition is challenging, however – doing so successfully requires a range of phenomenological, psychological, and neuroscientific methods. In this talk, I will summarise some of the work of the Hearing the Voice project at Durham University, and make the argument that inner speech may be less fundamental to cognition than is often claimed. Specifically, I will suggest that for adults. inner speech is a vividly experienced cognitive habit, varying across individuals, that is just as likely to reflect psychopathology as it is to confer any distinct benefits to cognition.

      Lieu : BSHM-A006

      Article

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