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Mémoire

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Mémoire
Mémoire

L’équipe Mémoire est une équipe nouvellement créée en Janvier 2019. Elle a pour objectif principal de comprendre les processus mnésiques avec différentes approches méthodologiques dont la psychologie expérimentale, la neuropsychologie, l’approche développementale et l’approche computationnelle. Les recherches de l’équipes sont organisées en deux axes principaux : mnesis qui renvoie à l’exploration des processus mnésiques per se et epimnesis qui explore un ensemble de processus réflectifs telle la métacognition.
Contact : celine.souchay@me.com

Sophie PORTRAT - Mathilde SAUVÉE - Jean- Luc ROULIN - Céline SOUCHAY - Chris MOULIN - Audrey MAZANCIEUX - Lucrèce HEUX - Annik CHARNALLET - Olivier MOREAUD - Maëlle TIXIER - Benoît LEMAIRE - Stephane ROUSSET - Nathalie FOURNET

Overview

The Memory Team was created in January 2019. The main goal of this new team is to understand memory processes with different methodological approaches including experimental psychology, neuropsychology, lifespan development and computational modelling. Research is organized into two main axes : mnesis, which refers to the exploration of memory processes per se and epimnesis which explores a set of reflective processes allied to memory such as metacognition.

Members

Sophie PORTRAT - Mathilde SAUVÉE - Jean- Luc ROULIN - Céline SOUCHAY - Chris MOULIN - Audrey MAZANCIEUX - Lucrèce HEUX - Annik CHARNALLET - Olivier MOREAUD - Maëlle TIXIER - Benoît LEMAIRE - Stephane ROUSSET - Nathalie FOURNET

Research Projects

Paradox
This project, in collaboration with Matthias Kliegel (University of Geneva) and Katharina Schnitzspahn (University of Aberdeen, Scotland) aims to explore how a metacognitive deficit could explain the difficulties in prospective memory associated with normal aging. The first results are encouraging (Cauvin, Moulin, Souchay, Schnitzspahn & Kliegel, 2018) and we plan to extend this research program to Alzheimer’s disease.
Financing : Franco-Swiss ANR
Céline Souchay - Chris Moulin

Aberfan - Plateau d’Assy
This research in collaboration with Rebecca Clifford at the University of Swansea (U.K.) is an interdisciplinary project aimed at bringing the methods of psychology and history closer together in the exploration of the passage from individual memory to collective memory. To do this, we chose to explore two similar events that took place in Aberfan (where the collapse of a spoil heap on a school took the lives of 144 people, including many children) and the Plateau d’Assy (where a collapse of land on a sanatorium took the lives of 71 people mostly children).

Understanding Metacognition
In the field of memory our metacognitive abilities, i.e. our ability to evaluate and predict our memory performance, are clearly the result of a gradual adjustment. Early childhood is characterized by a very optimistic elevation of memory abilities. This is only modulated when the child is confronted by and can represent and store reality. It is only in adolescence that our metacognition approaches its final accurate level. If we consider the extreme difficulty of learning that must be carried out by the child, it is not surprising that being optimistic and overconfident in young age in fact has an adaptive function.

Pathologies of semantic memory