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Olivier Pascalis

Olivier Pascalis


Directeur de Recherche au CNRS

Laboratoire de Psychologie et Neurocognition
CNRS UMR 5105
Université Pierre Mendès-France
Bâtiment Sciences de l'Homme et Mathématiques
CS40700 - 38058 Grenoble Cedex 9 France

Tél. : 04.76.82.78.31

olivier.pascalis@univ-grenoble-alpes.fr

Site du Babylab : http://babylab-grenoble.fr/

Olivier Pascalis did an undergraduate degree in Biology and a PhD in Neuroscience in Marseille (France). After rambling around the world he finally settled down in Sheffield in 1998 where he became a Reader. He moved back to France in February 2009 in the LPNC in Grenoble to carry on research on the development of cognition.

Research

My research focuses on how infants, during the first two years of life, learn and memorise from the environment. I am also interested in the impact of experience during this period especially on the development of cognitive ability such as face processing. My main projects are the following :

Recognition Memory The ability to recognize something or someone that you haven´t seen for a long time, or to recognise the person or object in a new environment is one of the most important cognitive functions in humans. The visual paired comparison task is a paradigm designed to assess early visual recognition memory. We are using this paradigm to address questions about how the memory systems of infants differ from the memory systems of adults. (work done in collaboration wih Jane Herbert, University of Sheffield, UK (http://www.shef.ac.uk/psychology/st... )

What Do Children Learn About Faces ? Our research on face perception covers many angles. For instance we are interested in : how newborns perceive their mother’s face, how children learn to recognise faces, how children learn to understand facial expression of emotion and why this may develop atypically in autism, why people find it harder to recognise faces of people from different ethnic groups to themselves (the own-race bias). Some of my collaborators on the face project are : Pr. Kang Lee University of Toronto, Canada : http://www.kangleelab.com/ Pr. Paul C. Quinn, University of Delaware, Department of Psychology, USA. http://www.psych.udel.edu/people/de...

Perception and Deafness Does absence of one sense lead to enhanced performance in the remaining senses ? We address the effect of deafness upon the visual system : we examine what visual enhancements are demonstrated in this population ; the age at which each arises ; and the mechanism responsible for their occurrence. We have also investigated the effect of deafness on face processing. The vision research is done with Dr David Buckley and Dr charlotte Codina from Sheffield https://www.sheffield.ac.uk/oncolog... https://www.sheffield.ac.uk/oncolog... The face research with Dr Adelaide de Heering and Bruno Rossion (http://face-categorization-lab.webn... ) from Louvain la Neuve :

Main Publications

  1. S. Liu, W.S. Xiao, N.G. Xiao, P. C. Quinn, Y. Zhang, H. Chen, L. Ge, O Pascalis, K Lee. (2015). Development of Visual Preference for Own- versus Other-Race Faces in Infancy. Developmental Psychology, 51,4, 500–511
  2. Pascalis, O., Loevenbruck, H., Quinn, P.C., Kandel, S., Tanaka, J.W. & Lee, K. (2014). On the Linkage between Face Processing, Language Processing, and Narrowing during Development. Child Development Perspective, 8, 65-70
  3. Codina, C, J., Pascalis, O., Mody, C., Toomey, P., Rose, J., Gummer, L., Buckley, D. (2011). Visual Advantage in Deaf Adults Linked to Retinal Changes. PlosOne 6(6):e20417.
  4. Pascalis O. & Kelly, D.J. (2009). On the development of face processing. Perceptive in Psychological Science.
  5. Kelly, D.J., Quinn, P.C, Slater, A.M, Lee, K. Ge L. & Pascalis, O. (2007). The other-race effect develops during infancy : Evidence of perceptual narrowing. Psychological Science 18(12):1084-1089. (pdf)
  6. Pascalis, O., Scott , L.S., Kelly, D. J., Shannon, R.W., Nicholson, E., Coleman M. & Nelson C.A. (2005). Plasticity of Face Processing in Infancy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 102, 5297-5300. (pdf)
  7. Pascalis, O., de Haan, M., & Nelson, C.A. (2002). Is Face Processing Species-Specific During the First Year of Life ? Science, 296, 1321-1323.

Recent publications

- Dupierrix, E., Hillairet de Boisferon, A., Barbeau, E. & Pascalis, O. (in press, 2015). Memory for complex visual objects but not for allocentric locations during the first year of life International Journal of Behavioural Development special issue on memory, Eve Dupierrix & Olivier Pascalis (Eds).
- Damon, F., Bayet, L., Hillairet de Boisferon, A., Méary, D., Dupierrix, E., Quinn, P.C., Lee, K., & Pascalis, O. (in press, 2015). Eyes are not preventing monkey faces recognition in older infants. Developmental Psychobiology
- Bayet, L., Pascalis, O., Quinn, P.C., Lee, K. , Gentaz, E. & Tanaka, J.W. (2015) Angry facial expressions bias gender categorization in children and adults : behavioral and computational evidence Frontiers in Psychology.
- Quinn, P.C., Lee, K., Pascalis, O. and Tanaka, J. (2015). Narrowing in Categorical Responding to Other-Race Faces by Infants : Evidence for an Outgroup Category in 9-month-olds Revision Developmental Science.
- S. Liu, W.S. Xiao, N.G. Xiao, P. C. Quinn, Y. Zhang, H. Chen, L. Ge, O Pascalis, K Lee. (2015). Development of Visual Preference for Own- versus Other-Race Faces in Infancy. Developmental Psychology, 51,4, 500–511
- Kubicek, C., Gervain, J., Hillairet de Boisferon, A., Pascalis, O, Lœvenbruck, H., and Schwarzer, G. (2014). The influence of infant-directed speech on 12-month-olds’ intersensory perception of fluent speech. Infant Behaviour and Development. 37(4), 644-651. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh....
- Hillairet de Boisferon, L. Uttley, P.C. Quinn, K. Lee & O. Pascalis (2014). Female Face Preference in 4-month-olds : The Importance of Hairline. Infant Behaviour and Development. 37(4), 676-681.
- Xiao, N.G., Quinn, P.C., Wheeler, A, Pascalis O. & Lee K. (2014) Natural, but not artificial, facial movements reveal the left visual field bias in infant face scanning. Neuropsychologia. 62, 175-183. DOI : 10.1016/ j.neuropsychologia. 2014.07.017
- Méary, D., Mermillod, M. & Pascalis, O. (2014) Binocular correlation model of face preference : How good, how simple ? 17:6, pp 828–830 Developmental Science.
- W.S. Xiao, G. Fu,, P.C. Quinn, Y.H. Sun, N.G. Xiao, Q. Wang, G. Chen, O. Pascalis, F. Damon, & K. Lee. (2014) The eye-size illusion : Psychophysical characteristics, generality, and relation to holistic face processing. Perception, 43, 265 – 274
- Méary, D., Li, Z., Li, W., Guo, K. & Pascalis, O. (2014). Seeing two faces together : Preference formation in humans and rhesus macaques. Animal Cognition, 17:1107–1119
- Kubicek, C. Hillairet de Boisferon, A., Dupierrix, E. Pascalis, O. Lœvenbruck, H, Gervain,J & Schwarzer, G. (2014). Cross-modal matching of audio-visual German and French fluent speech in infancy. PLoS ONE 9(2) : e89275. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0089275
- Dupierrix, E. ; Hillairet de Boisferon, A. ; Méary, D., Lee, K., Quinn, P.C., Di Giorgio, E., Simion, F., Tomonaga, M. & Pascalis, O. (2014) Preference for Human Eyes in Human Infants Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 123 138–146
- Xiao, W. S., Quinn, P. C., Pascalis, O., & Lee, K. (2014). Own- and other-race face scanning in infants : Implications for perceptual narrowing. Developmental Psychobiology, 56(2), 262-273. doi : 10.1002/dev.21196.
- Tanaka, JW. Huxtable, N., Maynard, K., Quinn, P.C., Lee, K. & Pascalis, O. (2014). The effects of information type (features versus configuration) and location (eyes versus mouth) on the development of face perception. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology,124, 36-49.

liste complète de Publications

http://webcom.upmf-grenoble.fr/LPNC...

pdf des articles sur research gate

https://www.researchgate.net